County, OH, lies in Appalachian southeastern Ohio along the Ohio River.
It is one of the original counties of Ohio and at that time
stretched from the Ohio River in the south to Lake Erie in the north.
The county seat is Marietta, where the Muskingum River flows
the Ohio. The other city is Belpre. The current 22
townships are Adams, Aurelius, Barlow, Belpre, Decatur, Dunham,
Fairfield, Fearing, Grandview, Independence, Lawrence, Liberty, Ludlow,
Marietta, Muskingum, Newport, Palmer, Salem, Warren, Waterford,
Watertown, and Wesley. Former townships include, among
Middletown, Jolly, Newton, Plainfield, Roxbury, Tuskarora, Union, and
Washington County, OH, is bordered on the west by
Athens County, on the northwest by Morgan County, on the north by Noble
County, and on the northeast by Monroe County. Across the
River it is bordered on the south mostly by Wood County, West Virginia,
and slightly by Pleasants County, West Virginia, to the east.
Ohio, Muskingum, and Little Hocking Rivers, forests, coal mines,
farming bottoms, hilly livestock grazing areas, and petroleum have
supported many of Washington County's occupations. Together with
Yankee merchants and craftsmen who were the first English settlers in
Marietta, English farmers in Aurelius Township, German farmers in
Fearing and Salem Townships and laborers in Marietta, Scottish sheep
farmers in Barlow and Warren Townships, Irish farmers in Ludlow
Township and railroad workers in Marietta, Jewish merchants and
professionals in Marietta, African-American farmers and laborers in
Decatur, Fairfield, and Wesley Townships, and Belgian glass
workers in Marietta are among the settlement groups that have
contributed to the economy of Washington County, Ohio.